Imagine if your clothes acted like smartphones! Like if you could touch your sleeves tell it to open the message that you have received or turn on the GPS when needed. Sounds so cool right? Well, these smart fabrics are made with smart threads.
These threads can sense the environmental conditions and react to them accordingly. This reaction or response can be thermal, electrical, chemical, mechanical, etc. the basic technical elements of this are conductive or semiconductive threads or yarns, Nanoelectronics which are applied directly to fibers, yarns or even woven elements which are given chemical treatments to provide different features. So these are completely different from wearable electronics as these fabrics have the function of wearable devices actually integrated into the fabric. These fabrics have the ability to do the processing. Analyzing and responding. Therefore these fabrics just get in touch with the environment, analyze the amount of heat or cold needed to be generated, process it using the fabrics, and then give it as a response.
This means that these fabrics contain sensors, an actuator, and a controlling unit. These components may be fiber optics or any other material but they form an integrated part of the textile structure and can be incorporated to a substrate level. The smart material can be incorporated into the spinning dope for spinning. So because of these best components, they are able to take the energy from movements we make into electrical energy. It can also observe solar energy and the user can use this to charge their mobile and other devices. This innovation is therefore based on the technology called triboelectric nanogenerators.
Therefore these innovations are the future of the fashion and technology world. This combination of technology and fashion is going to get many users a people who are fond of either of the categories would want to try them.